Surgery for sleep apnea aims to remove the excess tissue from the nose or throat that causes snoring or sleep apnea. This can be done through procedures such as:
- Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) – This procedure involves removing tissue from the rear of the mouth, as well as removing the tonsils and adenoids to stop vibration and snoring. UPPP is performed under general anesthesia.
- Maxillomandibular advancement – During this procedure, the upper and lower part of the jaw are moved forward to create more space behind the tongue and soft palate and reduce the risk of obstruction during sleep.
- Tracheostomy – Often performed after other treatments have failed, this procedure involves inserting a metal or plastic tube into the throat to help the patient breathe during sleep. The opening remains covered during the day but helps air pass directly in and out of the lungs during sleep. Tracheostomy is reserved for severe, life-threatening cases of sleep apnea.
UPPP– A procedure that involves removal of tonsils and part of the soft palate. This is done in the operating room.
UPP– A less invasive procedure under local anesthesia done mainly for snoring. This involves removing the uvula and part of the soft palate.